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Many of our ebooks are available through library electronic resources including these platforms:. Is liberal democracy a universal ideal? Liberal democrats in the West typically counter by questioning the motives of Asian critics, arguing that Asian leaders are merely trying to rationalize human-rights violations and authoritarian rule.
The topic of Human Rights in Asia is one that encompasses an immense number of states, international governmental organizations, and non-governmental organizations. All these institutions contribute a variety of services and perspectives towards human rights, covering topics including the enforcement, monitoring, and criticisms of human rights in Asia. There is no single body that covers all of human rights in Asia, as such a diverse and widespread region requires a number of institutions to properly monitor the multitude of elements that fall under the scope of human rights.
The first ASEM summit in addressed general aspirations, trade and investment; it was considered a success as it avoided controversial issues. The strategy of avoiding thorny issues was more difficult to maintain at the second summit in - ASEAN had expanded the previous year and now included Vietnam, Cambodia and Myanmar; human rights violations by Myanmar's military government became a particular source of friction between the European and Asian sides. EU member states, consistent with their policy of an arms embargo and economic sanctions against Myanmar, were unwilling to accept it as a participant.
National Library of Australia. Search the catalogue for collection items held by the National Library of Australia. Bell, Daniel.
In engaging in the international discourse on human rights, the challenge for non-Western peoples is to improve upon existing documents and concepts, which are neither complete nor perfect. Workshop discussions cited examples of rights which are not spelled out in universal charters, such as the rights accorded by Islam to the dead; or rights that are treated lightly by international declarations, such as the Buddhist reverence for nature and the environment; or even rights which contradict capitalist and Western notions of property, such as the right of cultural communities to their ancestral domain. Herein lies the value of a cross-cultural approach in formulating a common human rights regime: By infusing their own sense of values into the international charters, people from all cultural contexts would actually reshape them in a way that would make their societies more a part of the international community, sharing common standards, yet retaining their own cultures and identities.
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Bell bio This paper attempts to get beyond the rhetoric that has dogged the human rights debate and to identify relatively persuasive East Asian criticisms of traditional Western approaches to human rights. It distinguishes among three sorts of arguments for a culturally sensitive approach to human rights: 1 the argument that situation-specific justifications for the temporary curtailment of particular human rights can only be countered following the acquisition of substantial local knowledge; 2 the argument that East Asian cultural traditions may well provide the resources to justify and increase [End Page ] local commitment to values and practices that in the West are typically realized through a human rights regime; and 3 the argument that distinctive East Asian conceptions of vital human interests may justify some political practices that differ to some extent from human rights regimes typically endorsed in Western countries. However, there is not much point deliberating about the desirability of practices that all condemn at the level of principle.