Breast cancer surgery is a key component of breast cancer treatment that involves removing the cancer with an operation. Breast cancer surgery may be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy and radiation therapy. For people with a very high risk of breast cancer, breast cancer surgery may be an option to reduce the risk of future breast cancer.
There are a number of different types of surgery used to treat breast cancer. The surgery that is right for you will depend on the extent of your breast cancer and your personal preferences. Breast conserving surgery is also referred to as a lumpectomy, partial mastectomy or wide local incision.
Surgery for breast cancer treatment 2. Which type of surgery will I have? Breast-conserving surgery: lumpectomy or wide local excision 4.
Mastectomy is the removal of the whole breast. There are five different types of mastectomy: "simple" or "total" mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, radical mastectomy, partial mastectomy, and subcutaneous nipple-sparing mastectomy. Simple Mastectomy Larger Version.
Some women have the option of mastectomy or lumpectomy also called breast conserving surgery plus radiation therapyand choose mastectomy. For other women, mastectomy is the only option. Learn more about the procedure.
Mastectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of one or both breastspartially or completely. A mastectomy is usually carried out to treat breast cancer. Alternatively, some people can choose to have a wide local excisionalso known as a lumpectomyan operation in which a small volume of breast tissue containing the tumor and a surrounding margin of healthy tissue is removed to conserve the breast.
Although breast cancer is not easily controlled, the spread of breast cancer is sometimes predictable. The cancer cells spread through a customary path, out from the tumor and into the surrounding lymph nodes, before they progress throughout the body. A sentinel lymph node biopsy is a procedure to examine the lymph node closest to the tumor because this is where the cancer cells have most likely spread.
This extensive surgery is rarely done now. The surgeon removes the entire breast, axillary underarm lymph nodes, and the pectoral chest wall muscles under the breast. This surgery was once very common, but less extensive surgery such as the modified radical mastectomy has been found to be just as effective and with fewer side effects. This operation may still be done for large tumors that are growing into the pectoral muscles.
Breast lump removal is surgery to remove a lump that may be breast cancer. Tissue around the lump is also removed. This surgery is called an excisional breast biopsy, or lumpectomy.
Finding a breast lump can be frightening, but a lump is not always a sign of breast cancer. There are various reasons why a lump can develop, and most are not cancerous. According to the support organization Breastcancer. Nevertheless, people should seek medical help if a new lump appears or if an existing lump changes.